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If your child has a minor burn, soak the burned area in cool water; follow with cool compresses. Blistering burns, those on the hands, feet, face or genitals or any burn on a child younger than one should be looked at by your healthcare provider immediately.
Contact with poison ivy will often leave read, itchy patches on arms and legs that might develop into blisters. It's imperative that all family members who've grazed the plant have a warm, soapy, thorough shower and that everything that has been touched since the initial contact -- including all toys, clothing and shower towels -- be laundered. Give the dog a bath as well. Apply calamine lotion to reduce itching, and trim your toddler's nails to reduce further irritation caused by his scratching.
Wash the area surrounding the splinter, then numb with an ice pack. Try to remove a small splinter with a sterile needle. Don't remove larger splinters yourself -- ask your healthcare provider for advice.