Breed Profile: German Shepherd

Learn more about this highly intelligent, lovable breed

Group: Herding 

History of Breed: Originally from Germany and exhibited in American in 1907, the German Shepherd is a descendant from old breeds of herding and farm dogs. Known for its intelligence and ability to be trained, German Shepherds are today for a number of special services, including police and military work, guiding and assisting elderly and disabled, and helping out with search and rescue missions. It’s no surprise, then, that the breeds consistently ranks among the top 10 most popular dog breeds in the U.S.

Females - 55-72 pounds
Males - 77 to 85 pounds

Average life span: 9-13 years

Colors: Black and Tan, Red and Black, Black and Silver, Black, White, Grey or Sable

Common Health Issues: The breed is prone to hereditary diseases caused by indiscriminate breeding, include hip and elbow dysplasia, blood disorders, digestive problems, bloat, epilepsy, chronic eczema, keratitis, dwarfism and flea energies. German Shepherds are also prone to splenic tumors, DM, PI and perianal fistulas and von Willebrand’s disease.

About the Breed: German Shepherds are loyal, protective dogs and highly intelligent to boot. They’re athletic, fearless and capable of most any job they’re given. German Shepherds have a lot of energy and need to be exercised frequently.

While they prefer to live indoors with the family, they need access to a large yard to run around in. They can become anxious if they’re left alone, and obedience training is necessary to get them used to other people and dogs.

German Shepherds shed all year long, so be prepared for a nonstop flow of dog hair. To help, brush your dog two to three times a week. Also, check ears once a week, trim nails once a month, and brush teeth regularly with a soft toothbrush to help keep gums in good shape.

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