Photo Credit: Kerry M. Halasz/Flickr Open/Getty Images
The Golden Retriever has its roots in the Scottish estate of Lord Tweedmouth, who wanted a medium-sized dog that would excel in hunting game. To create the Golden Retriever, he crossbred a variety of established breeds, including the Flat-Coated Retriever, Tweed Water Spaniel, Irish Setter and the Bloodhound.
Lord Tweedmouth’s sons brought the Golden Retriever to the United States in the early 20th century, and the American Kennel Club registered the breed in 1927. Today, Golden Retrievers are considered one of the most recognizable, popular breeds in history.
Females – 60 to 75 pounds
Males – 65 to 80 pounds
Average life span: 10-13 years
Colors: Golden, Light Golden or Dark Golden
Common Health Issues: Golden Retrievers are prone to hip and elbow dysplasia, lymphoma, congenital eye disorders and mast cell tumors.
About the Breed: It’s no wonder Golden Retrievers are considered the ultimate family dog: Though they’re high energy and playful, they’re also calm, well mannered and gentle with children. They’re also obedient and easy to train -- the breed has taken the AKC’s National Obedience Championship title since 2010. Their long, silky coats do require regular combing with a firm-bristle brush.