Photo Credit: Dorling Kindersley/Dorling Kindersley/Getty Images
Group: Non-Sporting and Toy
History of Breed:
The poodle originated in Germany as a water retriever -- in fact, the English word “poodle” derives from the German word “pudel” or “pudelin,” which means “to splash in the water.”
Contrary to popular belief, the breed’s curly coat wasn’t created purely for looks, but rather to help the pup move through water more efficiently. Strategic patches of hair protect vital organs and joints that are susceptible to the cold.
Size for males and females:
Toy: 4-8 pounds
Miniature: 15-17 pounds
Standard: 45-70 pounds
Average life span: 12-15 years
Colors: White, Silver, Black, Apricot, Red, Grey, Sable, Blue, Cream or Brown
Common Health Issues: Although poodles are relatively healthy breeds, common health issues include hip dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy, cataracts, idiopathic epilepsy, sebaceous adenitis, von Willebrand’s disease and immune-mediated disorders.
About the Breed: Poodles are generally active dogs that enjoy going on walks, playing outside and, of course, swimming. They love being around people, are patient with children and make excellent watchdogs.
The Toy poodle, which is known for superior intelligence and exceptional learning ability, is great for apartment living or as a companion to the elderly. A Miniature is suitable for both apartment life or for a family with children. The Standard Poodle, due to its size, needs more room to exercise than the Toy and the Miniature, and is therefore better suited for a house with a backyard.
Poodles do not shed, which make them an ideal breed for those with allergies and asthma, but they do require a good amount of maintenance. Their ears should be cleaned weekly, toenails must be clipped every week or two, and they need to be bathed regularly.