Epidurals for labor pain

  • Herbst A, Wolner-Hanssen P, and Ingemarsson I. Risk factors for fever in labor. Obstet Gynecol 1995;86:790-794.
  • Honet JE et al. Comparison among intrathecal fentanyl, meperidine, and sufentanil for labor analgesia. Anesth Analg 1992;75(5):734-9.
  • Kartawiadi L et al. Spinal analgesia during labor with low-dose bupivacaine, sufentanil, and epinephrine. A comparison with epidural analgesia. Reg Anesth 1996;21(3):191-6.
  • Lieberman E et al. Epidural analgesia, intrapartum fever, and neonatal sepsis evaluation. Pediatrics 1997;99(3):415-9.
  • Lieberman E et al. Intrapartum maternal fever and neonatal outcome. Pediatrics 2000;105(1):8-13.
  • Loftus JR, Hill H, and Cohen SE. Placental transfer and neonatal effects of epidural sufentanil and fentanyl adminstered with bupivacaine during labor. Anesthesiology 1995;83:300-8.
  • MacArthur C, Lewis M, and Knox EG. Investigation of long term problems after obstetric epidural anaesthesia. BMJ 1992;304:1279-1282.
  • Nageotte MP et al. Epidural analgesia compared with combined spinal-epidural analgesia during labor in nulliparous women. N Engl J Med 1997;337:1715-9.
  • Ong BY et al. Paresthesias and motor dysfunction after labor and delivery. Anesth Analg 1987;66:18-22.
  • Ramin SM et al. Randomized trial of epidural versus intravenous analgesia during labor. Obstet Gynecol 1995;86(5):783-789.
  • Russell R and Reynolds F. Epidural infusion of low-dose bupivacaine and opioid in labour. Does reducing motor block increase the spontaneous delivery rate? Anaesthesia 1996;51(3):266-73.
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