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|Thu, 01-17-2013 - 3:49am|
Pre-Diabetes, also known as Impaired Fasting Glucose (IFG) or Impaired Glucose Tolerance (ITG), occurs when a person has elevated blood sugar levels that are just below the levels of a Diabetic.
How Pre-Diabetes is Diagnosed
According to the American Association of Diabetes, Pre-Diabetes is a diagnosed in individuals when the individual has a Fasting Plasma Glucose greater or equal to 100 mg/dl, but less than 126 mg/dl during a two-hour oral glucose tolerance test. Additionally, a person might be diagnosed with Pre-Diabetes if their blood glucose levels are greater than or equal to 140 mg/dl, but less than 200 mg/dl after in-taking 75 grams of a glucose solution.
On the contrary, most Diabetics are diagnosed when their blood glucose levels are 200 mg/dl or greater on two separate occasions (testing is done twice to ensure accuracy.) With the two-hour oral glucose tolerance text, a Diabetic will have a blood glucose level of 126 mg/dl or higher.
Here is some more information about common blood sugar level tests:
1. The A1C test. (pronounced A-one-C) reflects your average blood glucose level over the last 3 monthsIt is the best way to know your overall blood glucose control during this period of time. This test used to be called hemoglobin A-1-C (pronounced HE-mo-glow-bin A-one-C) or H-b-A-1-C. The units of the A1C is %(percent).
2. The blood glucose test you do yourself
This test uses a drop of blood and a meter that measures the level of glucose in your blood at the time you do the test. This is called self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG). The units of of the meter is milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL). Your meter should give a plasma basis result. That way you can compare your readings to the readings you get from the lab's blood work. That will give you a sense of how accurate your technique and meter are. continue at typefreediabetes