Pre-Diabetes Symptoms

iVillage Member
Registered: 01-17-2013
Pre-Diabetes Symptoms
Thu, 01-17-2013 - 3:49am

Pre-Diabetes, also known as Impaired Fasting Glucose (IFG) or Impaired Glucose Tolerance (ITG), occurs when a person has elevated blood sugar levels that are just below the levels of a Diabetic.

How Pre-Diabetes is Diagnosed

According to the American Association of Diabetes, Pre-Diabetes is a diagnosed in individuals when the individual has a Fasting Plasma Glucose greater or equal to 100 mg/dl, but less than 126 mg/dl during a two-hour oral glucose tolerance test. Additionally, a person might be diagnosed with Pre-Diabetes if their blood glucose levels are greater than or equal to 140 mg/dl, but less than 200 mg/dl after in-taking 75 grams of a glucose solution.

On the contrary, most Diabetics are diagnosed when their blood glucose levels are 200 mg/dl or greater on two separate occasions (testing is done twice to ensure accuracy.) With the two-hour oral glucose tolerance text, a Diabetic will have a blood glucose level of 126 mg/dl or higher.

Here is some more information about common blood sugar level tests:
1. The A1C test. (pronounced A-one-C) reflects your average blood glucose level over the last 3 monthsIt is the best way to know your overall blood glucose control during this period of time. This test used to be called hemoglobin A-1-C (pronounced HE-mo-glow-bin A-one-C) or H-b-A-1-C. The units of the A1C is %(percent).

2. The blood glucose test you do yourself
This test uses a drop of blood and a meter that measures the level of glucose in your blood at the time you do the test. This is called self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG). The units of of the meter is milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL). Your meter should give a plasma basis result. That way you can compare your readings to the readings you get from the lab's blood work. That will give you a sense of how accurate your technique and meter are.  continue at typefreediabetes

Community Leader
Registered: 07-31-1998
Thu, 01-17-2013 - 6:37pm

Hi Michael,

Welcome to the board. My name is Mary Frances and I am one of the community leaders for this board. I am a type 2 diabetic, married to a type 2 diabetic and a registered nurse. Any advise I may give is not a substitute for seeking medical advise from a health care practitioner of your choice.

Thanks for bringing up this interesting subject. In many ways diabetes is a hidden epidemic in this country and the developing world. This is because it often starts 10-20 years before diagnosis. I heard the other day that we have 20,000 teenagers here in the US who have type 2 diabetics. This is horrifying as their life expectancy will be shortened if they don't get treatment and get this under control. We have teen age diabetic needing kidney transplants because of diabetic nephropathy which was unheard of 20 years ago.

Meters can be 10-15% different in results from blood drawn by the lab and still be considered accurate. If you have a cooperative lab, what I suggest is that you do a test with your meter at exactly the same time as they draw your blood for lab work and then you can compare the results. Some doctors order blood tests for meter accuracy also. My endo does this everytime I come in for diabetic care and I had to change my meter because it was no longer accurate. The other thing that is recommended is that you test your blood sugar before you eat and exactly 2 hours after the first bite that you eat. Ideally the result will be a blood sugar no more than 40 points above the pre-eating blood sugar.

I hope you can pull up a chair and join our conversation. We are here to help in any way that we can.

iVillage Member
Registered: 01-17-2013
Wed, 01-30-2013 - 4:39am

oh thank you maryfrances40 for your valuable information, thank you once again