Type 1 or Type 2?

iVillage Member
Registered: 01-23-2013
Type 1 or Type 2?
Sat, 11-02-2013 - 8:02pm

What is the difference in type 1 and type 2 diabetes? Can one turn into the other?

Avatar for coldfingers
Community Leader
Registered: 04-30-2000
Thu, 11-07-2013 - 9:47pm

Hi! Type 1 depends on insulin. Type 2 can often be controlled at least at first by diet and excercise. Diabetes is a progressive disease and can eventually require insulin. But no, one can not turn into the other.

Do you have diabetes?

iVillage Member
Registered: 11-22-2013
Tue, 11-26-2013 - 1:39am

In Diabetes Type 1 the body is not producing insulin, while in Diabetes Type 2 the cells are not responding properly to the insulin, and/or there is not enough insulin being produced.

What is type 1 diabetes?

In Type 1 Diabetes, the person's own body has destroyed the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. When your own body destroys good stuff in your body it has what is called an autoimmune disease. Diabetes Type 1 is known as an autoimmune disease. Quite simply - a person with Diabetes Type 1 does not produce insulin. In the majority of cases this type of diabetes appears before the patient is 40 years old. That is why this type of diabetes is also known asJuvenile Diabetes orChildhood Diabetes. Diabetes Type 1 onset can appear after the age of 40, but it is extremely rare. About 15 per cent of all diabetes patients have Type1

What is type 2 diabetes?

Person with Diabetes Type 2 has one of two problems, and sometimes both:

      1. Not enough insulin is being produced.
    2. The insulin is not working properly - this is known asinsulin resistance.

The vast majority of patients who develop Type 2 did so because they were overweight and unfit, and had been overweight and unfit for some time. This type of diabetes tends to appear later on in life. However, there have been more and more cases of people in their 20s developing Type 2, but it is still relatively uncommon. Approximately 85% of all diabetes patients have Type 2. you can always ask your health care team regarding any supplements or any questions you might have.

source ; http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/7504.php


LissaCoffey - DietKart

Community Leader
Registered: 07-31-1998
Sun, 12-01-2013 - 2:28am

Thanks Lissa for your answer. But unfortunately the situation is worse than you described for type 2 diabetics. There is also a hereitary component to type 2 which isn't present in type 1s. The youngest person diagnosed as a type was 5 years old and we have teenagers getting kidney transplants because of their diabetes. These teenagers will be lucky to make it to 35. More than 50 percent of type 2 diabetics are treated with insulin and that confuses the general public. When you are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes you have already lost 50 percent ot the cells which secrete insulin and you continue to lose them at a rate of 10 percent per year. We don't have any medications yet which promote the regeneration of the beta cells.

But the good news is that we seem to have at least leveled off the rate of obesity in our children. Maybe we can turn the tide of this disease before more than 10 percent of the population has it worldwide.

I have been a type 2 diabetic over 20 years (and without complications, thank you!), a third generation diabetic, and I am treated with long acting insulin. But I am considerably more healthy than when I was first diagnosed. I eat well, exercise most everyday, travel and for the most part my other physical problems cause me more problems than my diabetes. But I attempt to manage this disease everyday of my life. My most recent A1C was 6.7. So I am doing well.

Happy Holidays!