YOUR THERAPIST/COUNSELOR'S CREDENTIALS
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|Wed, 07-02-2003 - 2:55pm|
RECIPE FOR A GOOD THERAPIST:
For best results, don't omit any ingredients; it takes ALL of them to complete the recipe: KNOWLEDGE: Academic Degree (Masters or Doctorate) TRAINING: Supervised Clinical Residency (may come after the degree) CERTIFICATION: Professional Certification, License or Registration SKILL: Ability to listen deeply without judging CHARACTER: Empathy, wisdom, compassion RELATIONSHIP WITH YOU: (most important)
A lot of bandwidth has been spent attempting to compare, defend, or even just explain the professional credentials of psychotherapists. It is incredibly confusing. There are literally hundreds of designations, and you can quickly drown in a sea of letters: Ph.D., M.D., L.P.C., Psy.D., M.F.C.C., L.C.S.W., etc. Some are “licensed”, some are “certified”, others are “registered”. They may have a particular “orientation” like psychoanalytic, psychodynamic, cognitive/behavioral, gestalt, solution-focused, etc. It can be traumatic just trying to understand it all, let alone decide what kind of therapist to see. Of course people worry about making a wrong choice. When you’re in emotional pain, you want help and you want it now. Just as you don’t want an incompetent doctor, no one wants to waste their money on an incompetent therapist. Surely, somewhere in that alphabet soup is the key to good therapy... right?
Well, no. After 20 years as a mental health consumer advocate, and communications specialist whose clients are mostly psychotherapists, I can tell you that the energy that goes into these explanations will not necessarily help you find a good therapist. Some of that information is important. But the letters after a therapist’s name cannot reliably be used as a rating system to distinguish between good therapists and incompetent ones.
Unfortunately, the professions themselves don’t help you figure it out. Naturally, each psychotherapist believes that his/her credentials (whatever they are) are the best, and maybe even the only valid psychotherapy credentials. If a therapist is licensed by the government, he/she will probably tell you that licensing is crucial, and may even infer that anyone without a government license is shockingly incompetent. (It isn’t so!) If you ask a professional association, of course they will lead you to believe that their members are the most worthy therapists. Anyone who had to spend six years in graduate school will tell you that all counselors should have spent six years in graduate school. No matter which profession you ask, they want you to believe they are the best.
But an academic degree, and even a government license, are not infallible guarantees that a particular therapist will be successful helping you. Since therapy is as much an art as a science, there is a degree of plain old talent required, which is difficult to define with credentials; not to mention human qualities of compassion, empathy and character. Some very talented counselors have no official credentials at all. After many years of experience as a mental health consumer advocate, I can tell you three things with certainty:
1. It is important that your therapist have some kind of professional credentials. To be a competent psychotherapist, one needs ALL THREE of the following:
(1) intensive academic study in a mental health field A good therapist starts with a master’s or a doctorate in a mental health field (MA, MS, MDiv, MSW, PhD, PsyD, EdD, DMin, MD). Wisdom, compassion and character are necessary, but they aren’t enough; knowledge is essential.
(2) supervised clinical experience A good therapist has completed an extensive psychotherapy training program (“clinical residency”). It may have been part of his/her academic degree, or it may have been a separate postgraduate program. This is important to know about, because some PhD’s and MD’s have academic knowledge about psychological research or medication, but have never had actual training or practice in psychotherapy. You can’t simply learn psychotherapy out of a book or in a classroom. You need the books and the classrooms, but they aren’t enough. A supervised residency is where they learn their trade.
(3) certification or registration or licensure. After residency, and supervised experience, the therapist has been pronounced worthy by an authority to which they will be accountable. It could be a government licensing board, or some other credentialing organization. Some of the more common designations you might see include: LCSW, CSW, MFT, LMFT, MFCC, AAPC, LPC, NCC, NCPsyA. If the therapist doesn’t have all three, find someone who does.
2. The type of credential is not as important as therapists want you to believe. I speak from experience. A licensed psychologist is not necessarily a better therapist than a certified pastoral psychotherapist. An M.D. psychiatrist is not necessarily a better psychotherapist than a licensed professional counselor, etc. Likewise, research has shown that the “orientation” of the therapist, and the technique that he/she uses, is not the biggest factor in the success of your therapy. As with credentials, therapists like to say that their techniques are the best. But research suggests that it has much more to do with their relationship with you—which is why what I’m telling you in this article is so important.
3. Even if they’ve run the gauntlet and managed to get the professional credentials, all therapists are not equally good, and just any therapist might not be right for you personally. The very best way to evaluate a therapist is within you. If you follow the advice in this article — learn just a little about the process of therapy, know what you should be able to expect, and how to listen to your own unconscious — you will be able to tell if a psychotherapist is any good, or not.
If all meets with your approval so far, you're ready for the first phone call.
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