On this day in 1987, in one of his most famous Cold War  speeches, President Ronald Reagan  challenges Soviet Leader Mikhail Gorbachev  to "tear down" the Berlin Wall , a symbol of the repressive Communist era in a divided Germany.
With the wall as a backdrop, President Reagan declared to a West Berlin crowd in 1987, "There is one sign the Soviets can make that would be unmistakable, that would advance dramatically the cause of freedom and peace." He then called upon his Soviet counterpart: "Secretary General Gorbachev, if you seek peace--if you seek prosperity for the Soviet Union  and Eastern Europe--if you seek liberalization: come here, to this gate. Mr. Gorbachev, open this gate. Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall." Reagan then went on to ask Gorbachev to undertake serious arms reduction talks with the United States