Education and Salaries
How to become a geoscientist
Start by developing observational skills in your own backyard. Learn the local geology using your state's Web resources and those of the U.S. Geological Survey. Visit museums. Explore the physical environment at local parks and trails. In addition to being inquisitive and enjoying science, read more on your own and participate in school science fairs.
In college, take as many math (especially statistics), computer and science courses as you can. Read the scientific literature in your field and use it in your projects. Gain lab and field experience, learn to use field instruments, take thorough notes and make a goal of improving your writing skills. (Findings that can't be communicated in writing aren't helpful to anyone.) Learn to create decent graphics and become adept at interpreting your findings. Learn any of the software programs for GIS (Geographic Information System) if possible
After college graduation
After college, you can either get entry-level work in one of the many industries listed above, or opt for a master's or PhD degree, depending on your ultimate goal. A person seeking to become more competitive in the job market would start with a master's degree. A research-oriented person would opt for a PhD. Graduate school may last from 2-3 years (master's) to 3-6 years (PhD) depending on many factors (the type of project, the availability of funding, the dedication of the student).