7 Common-Sense Measures to Help Prevent a Diagnosis of Gestational Diabetes
1. If you are overweight, lose weight before pregnancy. Do not attempt to lose weight if you are already pregnant.
2. Eat a diet low in simple sugars and high in fiber. Avoid processed foods. For example, eat whole wheat toast and an orange rather than bran flakes and orange juice (23,26).
3. Eat frequent, small meals to help stabilize your blood sugar (26).
4. Engage in moderate, regular exercise. This can also help lower your blood pressure(6).
5. Try further dietary adjustment and increase exercise if glucose values are still not under control. This can help you avoid insulin therapy (6).
6. Help prevent a false positive on the Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT). Eat a high carbohydrate diet for three days prior to the test; don’t smoke during the test; and postpone the test if you are ill, have an infection or have been confined to bed. All of these can elevate blood sugar (8).
7. Give visualization and relaxation techniques a try. They may help reduce anxiety which also raises blood glucose levels.