What are some of the treatment strategies for children?
The first step is to do is try and identify what your child is allergic to so you can control the environment and decrease their exposure to the allergens. The next step is to determine the most benign, effective medication to treat your child's allergies. You want to make sure that the treatment is not worse for the child than the disease. Non-sedating allergy medications are a good first option for children.
There are both nasal sprays and oral medications. The two main nasal sprays that are used to treat allergy symptoms are decongestant sprays that prevent the release of proteins called histamines, which cause the symptoms in the first place. If you use nasal decongestants too often, however, your nose can become addicted to it. So I would patients to discuss their use with their physician.
Traditionally, the oral medications have been sedating antihistamines. They're effective, but they can make the child tired and give them a dry mouth. These medications have fallen out of favor with physicians. Non-sedating antihistamine are better alternatives.<
How are antihistamines administered to children?
Generally, the younger child will take a syrup, and there are new formulations that are called Reditabs, which dissolve in their mouths.
Do children outgrow allergies?
Children may outgrow their allergies, where they will actually become increasingly less allergic. Additionally, as a child gets older, their environment changes, and the exposure to the allergens may change. For example, a child who is allergic to dust mites and has lots of stuffed animals may have more symptoms. Later on, if they're spending more time outdoors and they have fewer stuffed animals, they may be less congested and less sneezy.