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The Big Picture: It is nearly 100% survivable if detected early.
Cases: Annual new cases reported (U.S.) 8,590 / year Annual deaths (U.S.) 360 / year
Detection and Screenings: Only a physician can confirm a diagnosis of testicular cancer.
Monthly self testicular examinations (to assess for the presence of lumps or hardness) can increase the chances of early detection. For more information and free self testicular exam shower cards, visit Single Jingles Testicular Cancer Awareness.
Unlike a colonoscopy - which is an effective screen for colon cancer - testicular cancer does not currently have a commonly used screening tool other than a monthly self testicular exam. If a change is detected in a man's testicle, he needs to see a physician immediately. A scrotal ultrasound is typically done as a diagnostic test.
Risk Factors: If you are a parent of a boy, make sure their annual physical includes a testicular exam (typically starting at puberty). Also, ask your pediatrician to make sure your son knows what a healthy testicle feels like and how to perform a self testicular exam.
If you are a parent of a son with /or who has had an undescended testicle, make sure your son's physician is informed of your son's undescended testicle. Having an undescended testicle (or having had an undescended testicle) increases the odds of testicular cancer.
If you are a male ages 15 - 35 (and beyond) make sure your physician exams your testicles annually and make sure you are informed as to how you should be doing your own monthly self testicle exam.