Miscarriage: What you need to know about pregnancy loss


Maternal age, number of children, abortion and miscarriage history are not known factors. The consequences of an ectopic pregnancy depend on many factors and range from no damage to your reproductive organs to the complete removal of a ruptured fallopian tube. Overall, women who have had one ectopic pregnancy have a greater chance of a subsequent ectopic pregnancy, and a 20 to 40 percent chance of infertility.

Although less than two percent of pregnant women have an ectopic pregnancy, it is the leading cause of death for pregnant women in the first three months.

Page Five: Stillbirth

Page Six: Pregnancy Loss and Grief


A stillbirth is the birth of a fully formed baby who is dead. The death of the baby in the uterus may have occurred weeks or hours before labor, or during labor.

For many stillbirths, the cause is never clear, and a stillbirth is not likely to occur in a subsequent birth. When a cause can be identified, it is often traced to defects in the baby, especially chromosomal, or lack of oxygen, sometimes caused by the position of the umbilical cord. Smoking, cocaine use, and high blood pressure may all be risk factors.

Sometimes, women who have given birth to stillborn infants suspect that interventions used during their births contributed to the death of their newborn. Although it's become common to blame doctors when there's a problem with pregnancy or birth, there is no research that supports the theory that birth interventions cause stillbirths.

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