Symptoms of chronic (MR) may take decades to appear. With acute MR, symptoms come on suddenly, and you are critically ill.
Chronic mitral valve regurgitation
If you have mild-to-moderate chronic mitral valve regurgitation, you may never develop symptoms. If you have moderate-to-severe disease, you may not have symptoms for decades. Depending on the severity of your mitral valve regurgitation and condition of your heart, you may not develop symptoms of for many years.
Symptoms appear as the expands to accommodate the larger amount of blood (volume overload) flowing into the chamber. The larger the left ventricle, the more advanced the MR. Symptoms include:
- Shortness of breath with exertion, which maylater develop into shortness of breath at rest and atnight.
- Fatigue and weakness.
- Fluid buildup in the legsand feet.
- , if develops.
Acute mitral valve regurgitation
Acute mitral valve regurgitation is an emergency. Symptoms of acute mitral valve regurgitation develop suddenly. Most people who develop acute MR are already in the hospital or emergency room because of another heart problem. Symptoms include severe shortness of breath, fast heart rate, lightheadedness, weakness, confusion, and chest pain.