Myth #1: People with Schizophrenia Have "Split Personalities"
Truth: Schizophrenia, which translates to “split-minded,” is a misnomer, as people with the condition don’t have split, dual or multiple personalities. A movement to rename the illness has arisen in recent years. In 2002, the Japanese Society of Psychiatry and Neurology adopted the new name “integration disorder” (“togo shitcho sho”), which better fits the latest thinking about schizophrenia as a condition that involves cognitive problems and imbalances in interrelated chemicals in the brain, which can affect normal functioning and memory. Just seven months after renaming the condition, Japanese researchers found that the term was being widely used and had increased doctor-patient communication about the condition dramatically. In the United States, experts working on the latest edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) are looking at new ways to classify and describe the condition.