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Known as the “Heart and Soul Study,” medical professionals gathered 1,022 adults with preexisting heart disease and asked them to take a “hostility test” by rating eight statements on a “Cynical Distrust Scale” from 0 to 3.
The Health News Observer reported that after following these volunteers for about seven and a half years, the experts found that those who scored in the highest hostility percentile were 68 percent more likely to suffer from either secondary or new cardiovascular events (which includes heart attacks, heart failure, stroke, mini stroke or death). And now this study has just been published in the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Doesn’t sound terribly surprising. Walking around in a perpetual nasty mood and seeing the worst in everybody has got to wreak havoc on the inside. It also sounds like such a sad, despondent way to live. I think I’m sticking with Oprah since she said it best: “The more you praise and celebrate your life, the more there is in life to celebrate.”
How about you? How hostile are you? Rate the following from 0 (I disagree) to 3 (I definitely agree), then add up your score.
•I think most people would lie to get ahead.
•Most people inwardly dislike putting themselves out to help other people.
•Most people make friends because friends are likely to be useful to them.
•It is safer to trust nobody.
•No one cares much what happens to you.
•Most people are honest chiefly through fear of being caught.
•I commonly wonder what hidden reasons another person may have for doing something nice to me.
•Most people will use somewhat unfair means to gain profit or an advantage rather than lose it.
You’re okay if you scored under 8. If you scored a 9 or above, you might want to start thinking about what’s making you so angry in life.